Manis javanica (Malayan pangolin)

Manis javinicus the Malayan pangolin is an endangered species.

Humans are the main threat to the pangolin by hunting them for meat and body parts and destroying their natural habitat.

  • Trade in pangolins (live and dead) is on an international scale. The meat is eaten by local people and traded as a delicacy.
  • Powdered scales and other body parts are believed to be medicinal and are also used as an aphrodisiac. Whole scales are used to scratch the skin
  • Pangolin hides are used in the manufacture of leather goods, especially footwear.
  • Pangolins are also used in local folk-law rituals.

Species detail

  • Manis javanica scales

    Learn definitions for the name Manis javanica and the reasons for it being given this name.

  • Distribution and habitat

    Discover the areas where Manis javanica can be found and the types of habitat it typically lives in.

  • Malayan pangolin

    Find out the average size and weight measurements for Manis javanica.

  • Behaviour

    Read about the behaviour of pangolins, which includes digging burrows, climbing trees, rolling into a ball when threatened and bathing in ants.

  • Conservation

    Learn about the conservation status of Manis javanica.

  • References

    Find references for Manis javanica.


Manis javinicus (the pangolin)

The pangolin is classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. © Bjorn Olesen/IUCN

Manis javanica

A Malayan pangolin specimen held in the Mammal collection at the Museum.

Manis javanica scales

Manis javanica scales are formed of hairs cemented together.

About the author

Ms Louise Tomsett

Curator of Mammals, Vertebrates Division.

Further information about pangolins
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