British habitats

The habitats of the British Isles range from low-lying fens in East Anglia to open heathlands in Dorset and elsewhere, and from colourful flower meadows to hundreds of miles of hedgerow. 

Find out how each habitat flourishes in the Museum's own Wildlife Garden. The experts who look after them give you their tips on growing your own mini-habitats. Finally, explore the bigger picture and discover which habitats are threatened and what is being done to prevent them from disappearing.

  • Coppiced woodland in the Museum's Wildlife Garden

    Why are insects keen on coppiced woods? Which are the most common woodland flowers? And what threatens the UK’s wooded areas?

  • Heathland in the Museum's Wildlife Garden

    Find out about this man-made habitat created by our ancestors thousands of years ago and discover why it is now under threat.

  • Hedgerow in the Museum's Wildlife Garden

    Find out how hedgerows have changed over the years and the way to work out the age of a hedge by looking at the plants and animals living in it.

  • Water lilies in the Wildlife Garden pond
    Freshwater ponds

    Learn about the different origins of man-made and natural ponds and discover what insect, plant and bird-life a garden pond can attract.

  • Reedbeds in the Museum's Wildlife Garden

    Explore the world of reeds and rushes along with a wide range of breeding birds and the occasional fox.

  • Meadow in the Museum's Wildlife Garden

    Meadows are well known for their brightly-coloured flowers but find out about all the insects they attract too.

  • Purple loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria, growing in the fen area of the Wildlife Garden

    Which is the best region in Britain for exploring fens? And how did they help supply both heat and shelter to local inhabitants?

  • Pasque flower, Pulsatilla vulgaris
    Chalk grassland

    Discover why chalk grasslands provide such a rich habitat for insects and flowering plants.

Wildlife Garden blog


Keep up to date with what’s happening in the Museum’s Wildlife Garden and discover some of the latest sightings in this tranquil haven.

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